There are many definitions of science literacy and science culture and WISE should come up with a consensual appreciation of what science culture is (or what it is not).

Scientific culture distinguishes from science culture. The former relates to the S&T system and more specifically to the conditions of and the performance of science and innovations in terms of inputs, process and outputs. The latter describes the general environment (society) in which science and technology develop, are encouraged, supported and considered as values.

This obviously depends on subjective and cultural factors. Culture is often understood as general patterns of behaviour, thinking and striving that characterize a community.

While science is a global activity, science culture may be influenced by local factors. Science is global; science culture is “glocal”.